ESA Benefit Sanctions 2008 to date – Medical condition: Mental and behavioural disorders

Benefit Sanctions referral stats for ESA, from 2008 – 2012 and 2013 to date. Data extracted from stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk 28/9/18
“Figures are always too crude on their own. The split in ESA at the time (12-13-14) was around 50% mental health and 50% physical, but majority of claimants with mh conditions were in the wrag so disproportionally exposed to sanctions. That was part of the complaint to the UN”
https://twitter.com/AnitaBellows12/status/1046154076583596033https://twitter.com/AnitaBellows12/status/1046154076583596033
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[ Related: ‘#BenefitSanctions are not Unfair, Unjust, Exploitative or Punitive…‘ + JSA & ESA stats from 2000 – 16,615,849 sanction referrals since data available (2000)]
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  • Table 1 ESA: 2008 – 2012
    (Harsher regime for ESA benefit sanctions started December 2012, ESA introduced 2008, with “Tougher sanctions” regime. (see footnotes)
  • Table 2 ESA: 2013 – to date

“Sanctions are not designed to be punitive”
The Employment and Support Allowance Regulations 2008

Table 1 ESA: 2008 – 2012

Month Decision Made and Medical Condition

Filters:

  • Default Summation : ESA Sanction Decisions

Month Decision Made VIMeta Information Sorted Ascending Month Decision Made

Medical ConditionMeta Information Unsorted Medical Condition

200810 (Oct-08) Mental and behavioural disorders 7
Total 7
200811 (Nov-08) Mental and behavioural disorders 6
Total 6
200812 (Dec-08) Mental and behavioural disorders 7
Total 7
200901 (Jan-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 16
Total 16
200902 (Feb-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 117
Total 117
200903 (Mar-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 244
Total 244
200904 (Apr-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 393
Total 393
200905 (May-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 538
Total 538
200906 (Jun-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 796
Total 796
200907 (Jul-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,138
Total 1,138
200908 (Aug-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,172
Total 1,172
200909 (Sep-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,325
Total 1,325
200910 (Oct-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,577
Total 1,577
200911 (Nov-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,766
Total 1,766
200912 (Dec-09) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,672
Total 1,672
201001 (Jan-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,897
Total 1,897
201002 (Feb-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,260
Total 2,260
201003 (Mar-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,888
Total 2,888
201004 (Apr-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,243
Total 2,243
201005 (May-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,294
Total 2,294
201006 (Jun-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,170
Total 2,170
201007 (Jul-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,757
Total 1,757
201008 (Aug-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,350
Total 1,350
201009 (Sep-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,300
Total 1,300
201010 (Oct-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,078
Total 1,078
201011 (Nov-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 855
Total 855
201012 (Dec-10) Mental and behavioural disorders 582
Total 582
201101 (Jan-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 530
Total 530
201102 (Feb-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 481
Total 481
201103 (Mar-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 468
Total 468
201104 (Apr-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 223
Total 223
201105 (May-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 138
Total 138
201106 (Jun-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 114
Total 114
201107 (Jul-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 123
Total 123
201108 (Aug-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 146
Total 146
201109 (Sep-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 224
Total 224
201110 (Oct-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 289
Total 289
201111 (Nov-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 545
Total 545
201112 (Dec-11) Mental and behavioural disorders 555
Total 555
201201 (Jan-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 784
Total 784
201202 (Feb-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 883
Total 883
201203 (Mar-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,166
Total 1,166
201204 (Apr-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,207
Total 1,207
201205 (May-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,546
Total 1,546
201206 (Jun-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,569
Total 1,569
201207 (Jul-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,268
Total 2,268
201208 (Aug-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,237
Total 2,237
201209 (Sep-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,997
Total 1,997
201210 (Oct-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,789
Total 2,789
201211 (Nov-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,069
Total 3,069
201212 (Dec-12) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,423
Total 2,423
Total Mental and behavioural disorders 57,202
Total 57,202

Table 2 ESA: 2013 – to date

Month Decision Made and Medical Condition

Filters:

  • Default Summation : ESA Sanction Decisions

Month Decision Made VIMeta Information Sorted Ascending Month Decision Made

Medical ConditionMeta Information Unsorted Medical Condition

201301 (Jan-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,634
Total 3,634
201302 (Feb-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,955
Total 2,955
201303 (Mar-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,912
Total 2,912
201304 (Apr-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 4,079
Total 4,079
201305 (May-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 4,467
Total 4,467
201306 (Jun-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 4,547
Total 4,547
201307 (Jul-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 5,642
Total 5,642
201308 (Aug-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 5,068
Total 5,068
201309 (Sep-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 5,692
Total 5,692
201310 (Oct-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,971
Total 6,971
201311 (Nov-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,154
Total 6,154
201312 (Dec-13) Mental and behavioural disorders 5,649
Total 5,649
201401 (Jan-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,222
Total 6,222
201402 (Feb-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,523
Total 6,523
201403 (Mar-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,741
Total 6,741
201404 (Apr-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 5,907
Total 5,907
201405 (May-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,664
Total 6,664
201406 (Jun-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,697
Total 6,697
201407 (Jul-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 6,119
Total 6,119
201408 (Aug-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 5,234
Total 5,234
201409 (Sep-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 5,234
Total 5,234
201410 (Oct-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 4,334
Total 4,334
201411 (Nov-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 4,113
Total 4,113
201412 (Dec-14) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,578
Total 3,578
201501 (Jan-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,529
Total 3,529
201502 (Feb-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,350
Total 3,350
201503 (Mar-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,585
Total 3,585
201504 (Apr-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,005
Total 3,005
201505 (May-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,537
Total 2,537
201506 (Jun-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 3,174
Total 3,174
201507 (Jul-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,606
Total 2,606
201508 (Aug-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,112
Total 2,112
201509 (Sep-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,211
Total 2,211
201510 (Oct-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,245
Total 2,245
201511 (Nov-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,128
Total 2,128
201512 (Dec-15) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,912
Total 1,912
201601 (Jan-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,865
Total 1,865
201602 (Feb-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,123
Total 2,123
201603 (Mar-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,310
Total 2,310
201604 (Apr-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,515
Total 2,515
201605 (May-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,311
Total 2,311
201606 (Jun-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,216
Total 2,216
201607 (Jul-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,230
Total 2,230
201608 (Aug-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,287
Total 2,287
201609 (Sep-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,088
Total 2,088
201610 (Oct-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,010
Total 2,010
201611 (Nov-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,494
Total 2,494
201612 (Dec-16) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,975
Total 1,975
201701 (Jan-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,287
Total 2,287
201702 (Feb-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,274
Total 2,274
201703 (Mar-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,449
Total 2,449
201704 (Apr-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,859
Total 1,859
201705 (May-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,658
Total 2,658
201706 (Jun-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 2,328
Total 2,328
201707 (Jul-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,916
Total 1,916
201708 (Aug-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,752
Total 1,752
201709 (Sep-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,494
Total 1,494
201710 (Oct-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 1,315
Total 1,315
201711 (Nov-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 960
Total 960
201712 (Dec-17) Mental and behavioural disorders 570
Total 570
201801 (Jan-18) Mental and behavioural disorders 639
Total 639
201802 (Feb-18) Mental and behavioural disorders 541
Total 541
201803 (Mar-18) Mental and behavioural disorders 459
Total 459
201804 (Apr-18) Mental and behavioural disorders 633
Total 633
Total Mental and behavioural disorders 208,097
Total 208,097

Source: https://stat-xplore.dwp.gov.uk/

Some background/origins of current ESA sanctions regime:

“The work and pensions secretary, James Purnell, set out the heavily-trailed proposals, designed to increase the requirements on lone parents and those on incapacity benefit to prepare for work, as well as to give the private sector a bigger role in finding work for the unemployed.”
Guardian ‘Labour to tighten rules on benefits‘ 11/12/08

“An obligation to work

This ‘something for something’ approach applies to everyone.

The most severely disabled people or others with full-time caring responsibilities
would not be required to look for work. We will, however, expect everyone else to
take active steps towards employment and to take suitable jobs.

We also propose introducing legislation to further underpin people’s obligations to
work, including:

Tougher sanctions

No one written off – more support, more responsibility
[More “Tougher” #BenefitSanctions]

”’all incapacity benefits claimants will be reassessed using a medical assessment called the Work Capability Assessment (WCA)

[ESA] Those in the Work Related Activity Group will be expected to engage with a personalised programme of  back-to-work employment support , in return for receiving benefits
[More “Tougher” #BenefitSanctions]

For the vast majority, ESA will be a temporary benefit

We will use private, public and voluntary sector providers to deliver this back-to-work support. [ATOS, A4E et al]

Simplifying the benefits system”
(Sound familiar?]

Source: ‘No one written off: reforming welfare to reward responsibilityNo one written off: reforming welfare to reward responsibility‘ July 2008 (emphasis added)